Women with mental disabilities are particularly vulnerable, while there is limited understanding, in general, of the broad range of risks to mental health to which women are disproportionately susceptible as a result of gender discrimination, violence, poverty, armed conflict, dislocation and other forms of social deprivation" (Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women General Recommendation 24 Women and Health, in relation to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (Article 12) (Twentieth session, 1999, paragraph 25)to top Background The rights of persons with disabilities are grounded in a broad human rights framework based on the United Nations Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international covenants on human rights and other human rights instruments.women face barriers to full equality and advancement because of such factor as their race, age, language, ethnicity, culture, religion or disability" (Beijing Platform for Action, Chapter IV, Strategic objectives and actions, paragraph 46).Education "Less than 5 per cent of children and young persons with disabilities have access to education and training; and girls and young women face significant barriers to participating in social life and development" (Secretary-General of the United Nations in his report on the Implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled, A/56/169, paragraph 79).Special measures are needed at all levels to integrate them into the mainstream of development" ("Further actions and initiatives to implement the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action", General Assembly Resolution S-23/3 of 10 June 2000, annex, paragraph 63)."The girl-child with disabilities faces additional barriers and needs to be ensured non-discrimination and enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with the Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities" (Beijing Platform for Action, Chapter IV, Strategic objectives and actions, paragraph 270).
However, those 15 – 50 million women generally go unnoticed"(World Bank, "Health, nutrition and population: Reproductive health and disability")."Women with disabilities, of all ages, often have difficulty with physical access to health services."Girls and women of all ages with any form of disability are among the more vulnerable and marginalized of society.There is therefore need to take into account and to address their concerns in all policy-making and programming."The global literacy rate for adults with disabilities is as low as 3 per cent, and 1 per cent for women with disabilities, according to a 1998 UNDP study" (UN DPI fact sheet) Employment and paid work "People with disabilities in general face difficulties in entering the open labour market, but, seen from a gender perspective, men with disabilities are almost twice as likely to have jobs than women with disabilities.Other references to women and gender issues are found in the following articles: Article 8 – Awareness-raising (paragraph b) Article 16 – Freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse (paragraphs 1,2,4,5) Article 25 – Health (chapeau and paragraph a) Article 28 - Adequate standard of living and social protection (paragraph 2b) Article 34 – Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (paragraph 4) Background information on the article on women with disabilities Proposed revisions and amendments to the text of the Convention, Eighth session, 14 - 25 August 2006: Background Documents: Third to Seventh Session Background document: Towards a Gender Sensitive Disability Rights Convention.Side event to the Second session of the Ad Hoc Committee, 20 June 2003.
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They add to the disadvantage customarily experienced by disabled persons belonging to such populations or social groups as women, children, the elderly and refugees" (Secretary-General of the United Nations in his report on the Implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled, A/49/435, Annex, paragraph 4)."The consequences of deficiencies and disablement are particularly serious for women.