A method for collaboratively developing and validating a rubrictop Foucault’s Iconic Afterlife: The Posthumous Reach of Words and Things History and Theory, Theme Issue 54 (December 2016), 35-53 The lasting influence of Michel Foucault's work is both instantly recognizable in that his very name can be invoked as a noun or adjective ("Foucauldian") as a critical stance or attitude without further elaboration, and yet his signature concepts have been flattened, stretched, exaggerated, and thinned as they have been applied by his most enthusiastic followers.
Thus for the young Foucault, existential anthropology occupies a fertile methodological middle ground between transcendental approaches (exemplified in IB by Heideggerian phenomenology) and empirical forms of analysis (exemplified by Freudian psychoanalysis).
I first interpret anthropology in the light of phenomenology and defend the view that Menschsein is neither a transcendental structure nor a concrete particular, but as the instantiation of the first in the second.
To answer this question, I discuss Foucault's attitude toward Sartre and Deleuze, neither mentioned in The Order of Things but both of central importance for understanding its political significance.
According to Foucault, such sciences as biology, political economy, and linguistics are indeed scientific disciplines that study human beings, but they are not human sciences.
His archaeology turns out to be an archaeology of ourselves insofar as it applies to archaeologists themselves whatever knowledge they have gained of their object, the discontinuous “systems of thought” succeeding one another in history.
The success of such an archaeology of ourselves will rest on the interpretation of what Foucault has rightly called the “return of language” at the center of our intellectual concerns.
Foucault rejects Merleau-Ponty’s claim to have found a way out of anthropologism through the so-called phenomenological reduction.
Then one can read Foucault’s archaeology of human sciences as an attempt to offer an alternative way for radical thinking.